NETwork Interventions often collaborates with schools. This can be a challenging environment, as teachers already have a full work load and multiple children to attend to. We are always looking to improve our efficacy and practice in the school setting and so were very excited to attend the presentation "Training Public School Teachers to Use Data Based Decisions Analysis with Discrete Trail Training" given by Dana Zavatkay of the Marcus Autism Centre (www.marcus.org/). Here is what we learned:
ABA consultants often fall short in training schools how to take data and how to use the data to implement strategies.
It is important you take the time to ensure they know how to do all of the programmes you have created if you expect them to implement successfully. Programmes must also be achievable in that setting.
A case study of a trial programme used the following teaching format:
- Staff pre training for 5 days in the summer or fall where they taught
- Intro to ABA/VB
- Behaviour management
- Set up and schedules
2. Teachers were given a chart of a prompting hierarchy for motor, verbal and receptive skills. Most teachers posted it straight up on to the classroom wall to act as a reminder.
3. Teachers used a monthly data sheet which they transferred their daily data on to.
4. Teachers were given specific guidelines for when to fade prompts and when to put in a new target. They were given all of the future targets so they were always able to move forward..
This study found that the main problem for teachers was fading effectively. This is valuable information to keep in mind when you are programme planning. Be sure to dedicate enough time to supporting teachers in their prompting and prompt fading.