Hanun et al (2012) mention a few ideas that have made inclusion more important in schools since the 1960s.
- Normalisation: making it normal to have someone with additional needs in your classroom, and making their differences normal.
- De-institutionalisation: taking people with additional needs out of institutions and giving them the chance to experience the same places, pleasures and experiences as everyone else does, and contribute to society.
- Least restrictive environment: this is allowing a child (as much as they are able) the same environment as a typically developing child would access, out in ‘general society’.
These points are all based on the important belief that everyone has equal rights and equal value as a person.